AUTHENTICATION  AND  ATTRIBUTION  OF PORTRAITS  AND  PORTRAIT MINIATURES

 

AUTENTICACIÓN Y ATRIBUCIÓN DE RETRATOS Y MINIATURAS DE RETRATO

AUTENTICAÇÃO E ATRIBUIÇÃO DE RETRATOS E MINIATURAS DE RETRATOS

AUTHENTIFICATION DE PORTRAITS ET MINIATURES ET ATTRIBUTIONS D'ARTISTES

 

 

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 Portraits of the human form stem from the very beginnings of the history of arts time line and were not just designed to portray and accurately record a sitters physical features. But also made to define their character, status, or social position, often demonstrating the sitters great wealth and power.

 They evolved all around the world, conjoined as artistic forms and in all geographical locations and through all eras, though they are uniquely identifiable by characteristic nuances, accents and styles, common to that nation and era and often, even the hand that painted it.

 

 

 

Early Religious Portraits, depicted in a human form, scenes from ancient writings and accounts of the bible, establishing their words as tangible, recognisable and now in real forms to worshippers.

In medieval art, the Patrons of the stylised altarpieces and wall paintings that they commissioned were frequently portrayed in amongst the works themselves.  Paintings that were not meant to be seen as realistic, they often are almost cartoon like in composition and defy comparable proportion of one figure to another.

 

 

 

Portraiture in the Renaissance (14th-16th century)

 Evolved throughout Europe, including polished English, French, Italian, Flemish and Spanish Portraits, which were seemingly reserved for the likes of royals and nobles, the aristocracy and wealthy.

The Renaissance brought posed reality back to painting and established oil painting as the standard. 

 

 

Baroque and Rococo Portraiture (17th-18th Century)

Displayed a theatrical and a more romanticised style. Elegant and exceptionally ornamental are terms that neatly describe its true characteristic flavour.

 

 

American Colonial Portraiture and Middle Class Art; After about 1750, Eighteenth Century, portraitists and sculptors seldom bothered to sign their work and this was not not only common in the Americas.

It suited the British and Europeans too, making studio and artist attributions fairly tricky.

 

 

19th Century Portraiture (1800-1900) evolved from the tradition of depicting subjects in the latest fashions and with the onset of the industrial revolution, a marked change would come about.

The slightly less regal and affluent amongst society were to find portraiture flatteringly good to become involved with and for posterity and historical documentation, a useful thing to have around.

 

 

Miniature portraits.

 In the 1500's, miniature paintings were popular with royalty to give as gifts to  deserving individuals and it followed, that to show support of Elizabeth I, members of the court and the wealthy, would in turn wear miniature images of her. So the popularity of this art form began to grow.

 Around 1700, miniaturist artists first started to paint on Ivory, replacing vellum on which to paint and until the middle of the century, most miniature artist were self taught, but this was soon to change.

 With the spread of greater wealth internationally, Portraiture and miniature portraits became very popular and many artist, spotting the commercial possibilities, turned their hands to this form of art.

 By the 1800's the formats started to change becoming bigger. Square and rectangular paintings were now being made, alongside the traditional oval and circular and the fashion & fad spread rapidly.

 

 

Modern Era Portraits
Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Cubism, and Abstract Art

 Though with the advent of a new era in art, portraiture continued to exist both in traditional European fashion and American styles, experimenting in new and innovative techniques ensued in the arts and soon took over, rendering realism near obsolete. The Picasso's, Cezannes and Juan Gris of the world emerged and a brand new freedom of expression began.

 

 

 


 

 

 

Before you begin a full Art Attribution or Authentication Project 

 

 Before you get into an art attribution and authentication project, it is more than wise to be realistic about the issue and have an independent 'preliminary assessment' of viability conducted first.

 The pre-authentication assessment, is a professional and unbias study of what we have to work with from the start. Made to balance the issues, positive or otherwise and consider the realities of your work of art and its background.

Based on our past experience of over four decades in this specialised field, it assesses if the case may be realistically followed through successfully. 

 Such an study, for which there is a modest set fee, then allows the client to make a wiser, more considered decision before stepping into a full blown authentication investigation.

It makes a great deal of sense.

CONTACT US for that advice.

 

 

 

 

 

For further details on ART Authentication and Attribution Investigations in General Click Here

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ART AUTHENTICATION EXPERTISE BY ARTIST
       
APPEL KAREL
BOUVARD  - Famile.
CORNEILLE  Guillaume Beverloo
CROME JOHN
DOU GERRIT
GRIS JUAN
LAM  WILFREDO
MATISSE HENRI
MONDRIAN   PIET
PISSARRO CAMILLE
RENOIR PIERRE
SPENLOVE-SPENLOVE FRANK
VAN GOGH VINCENT 
CONYERS BARKER
KLINE FRANZ
PECHSTEIN MAX
MUNNINGS Sir Alfred James
DAUMIER HONORE
EDOUARD MANET
PAUL KLEE  

 

 

 
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Portrait, portraitist. Portraits, oil, watercolour, watercolor, tempera, French portrait, British Portrait, Italian portrait, aristocrat, judge, reverend, female, male, portrait artist, sitter, portrait of a lady, portrait of a man, self portrait, portrait of an artist, profile, sitting, standing, 19th, century, miniature, ivory, Pope, cardinal, priest, monk, Leonardo, da Vinci, Rembrandt, van Eyck, Velazquez, Van Dyck, Holbein, Sargent, Chase, Cezanne, Landseer, Goya, Courbet, Ingres, Reynolds, Hogarth, Gainsborough, Folk, English British, Italian, Flemish, Dutch, Belgian, Spanish, Russian, German,
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PORTRAIT AUTHENTICATION & ATTRIBUTION INVESTIGATION including Miniatures | Medieval & Religious Portraits. Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, American Colonial, 19th & 20th Century Portraiture | British, European, American, Italian, Flemish, French, Spanish and German artists studios

PORTRAIT PAINTINGS.Authentication & Attribution investigations of All Periods and Nationalities including Miniatures. Britysh, American and European